The Nervion estuary and Abra Bay of Bilbao deserve to be considered an urban cultural landscape, because of their heritage value and singular beauty. In the study we carried out on the Greater Metropolitan Area of Bilbao, we found a landscape that rightfully comes under the description of cultural landscape, as per this definition in the 1992 UNESCO Convention on Cultural and Natural Heritage. The estuary and the Abra have been the subject of a number of pictorial interpretations by great masters of art: Guinea, Morera, Regoyos, Arteta, Gal, Párraga, Losada, Arrúe, etc. The writers who have described and incorporated them into their narratives include: Zunzunegui, Unamuno, Basterra, Blas de Otero and Aresti and contemporary writers, painters and photographers include: Pinilla, Reché, Lazkano, Quincoces, Basílico, Carlos Cánovas, etc. All these visual and literary representations add value and heritage content to this landscape.
The estuary has been shaped as a landscape of symbolic meanings, in which the urban effects of overcoming the industrial crisis of the 20th century and the formation of Bilbao as a services capital are now in conflict, with spectacular urban marketing works around the operations in the Abandoibarra district, all in contrast to a very powerful industrial past, of which few vestiges remain and that current urban planning seems to want to forget.
Bilbao and its estuary are places that have inspired many poets: Basterra, Unamuno, Aresti, Ossa Echaburru, Pinilla, Zunzunegui, etc. It is a scene of curiosity. It offers a special landscape: The urban sprawl appears wedged between the mountains and the estuary. Today, if the urban landscape is not badly run down, it actually seems to be, as everywhere there are obvious traces and signs that the industrial crisis of the past years left numerous scars. An analysis of the interpretations of the landscape from different cultural agents through their works provides us, on the one hand, with an overview of the historical evolution of the landscape, of its most significant moments, and on the other, it focuses our view on certain spaces, which acquire greater symbolic significance than others. Landscape painting of the 19th, 20th and 21th century and contemporary photography literally offer us masterful brush strokes of the historical evolution and formation of the Bilbao Metropolitan Area. If we take a quick tour through representational art, we can clearly see the periods that mark the evolution of this area.
The artistic vision also offers a view of the perception and special values of a society in a certain period, it contributes to the collective images that facilitate the identification of citizens with the place in which they live. The artistic vision in landscape painting is both, representational and imaginative. The aim of this paper is to analyse the world of perceptions and sensations of the various artistic contributions around the Nervion estuary and demonstrate how same places have had different artistic representations due to the artist´s imagination and existing cultural values.
· First Award Columbia Threadneedle Prize 2018, Mall Galleries, London
· Second ARC Salon Award, landscape category, USA, 2018
· First and third Award, landscape category, American Art Award 2017, USA
· Third ARC Salon Award, landscape category, USA, 2015
· Radical Breakthroughs Award, USA, 2014
· ORA Prize Award 2013, Italy
· AixeGetxo Award 2013, Spain
· ORA Prize Award 2012, Italy
· Honorable mention, II Art Contest Galerias Preciados, Barcelona, Spain
· Honorable mention, Drawing Contest Amigos de Serrablo, Sabiñanigo, Spain
· First Prize, Competition for the Design of the Agustin-Square of Granada, Spain
· 2016, Evolution of cultural landscape in the metropolitan area of Bilbao, the case of Getxo. In Zárate, M.A., UNED, Cultural Landscapes through cases in Spain and America (pp. 77-119). Madrid
· 2015, Cultural dimension of the port area of Bilbao. In García, M., University of Santiago de Compostela, Port cities and their cultural universe (pages 547-557). Santiago de Compostela
· 2012, Conformation and evolution of landscape; the case of Getxo. In Space, Time and Form, Series VI, Geography, New Era, nº 4-5, (pp. 101-121). Madrid
· 1993, Landscape Analysis Methodology, in Studies on Urban Planning and Territorial Planning II, IVAP, (pp. 17-42). Pamplona